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Use Karmada-search to experience multi-cloud search

This guide will cover:

  • Install karmada-search component in the Karmada control plane.
  • Cache Deployment resources across multiple clusters.
  • Use OpenSearch to graphically retrieve Kubernetes resources.

Prerequisites

Before installing karmada-search, you must install Karmada control plane first. To start up Karmada, you can refer to here. If you just want to try Karmada, we recommend building a development environment by hack/local-up-karmada.sh.

git clone https://github.com/karmada-io/karmada
cd karmada
hack/local-up-karmada.sh

If you use hack/local-up-karmada.sh, karmada-search has been already installed.

If you install Karmada by Helm, you can choose any of the following ways to install:

  • Install karmada-search together in host mode
helm upgrade --install karmada -n karmada-system --create-namespace --dependency-update \
--cleanup-on-fail ./charts/karmada \
--set components={"search"}
  • Install karmada-search separately in component mode

Edit values.yaml for karmada-search

installMode: "component"
components: [
"search"
]
...

Execute command (switch to the root directory of the repo, and sets the current-context in a kubeconfig file)

kubectl config use-context host
helm install karmada -n karmada-system ./charts/karmada

In addition, karmadactl supports one-click installation for karmada-search.

karmadactl addons enable karmada-search

For more details, you can refer to karmadactl addons instruction.

Cache Deployment resources across multi-clusters

In the following steps, we are going to cache Deployment resources across member clusters. Now we have propagated a nginx Deployment to member1 and member2 according to the example.

1. Create ResourceRegistry that will cache deployment across target clusters

### deployment-search.yaml
apiVersion: search.karmada.io/v1alpha1
kind: ResourceRegistry
metadata:
name: deployment-search
spec:
targetCluster:
clusterNames:
- member1
- member2
resourceSelectors:
- apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
kubectl --kubeconfig $HOME/.kube/karmada.config --context karmada-apiserver create -f deployment-search.yaml

2. Test By Kubernetes API

You can obtain deployment resources from member1 and member2 by the following command.

kubectl --kubeconfig $HOME/.kube/karmada.config --context karmada-apiserver get --raw /apis/search.karmada.io/v1alpha1/search/cache/apis/apps/v1/deployments

The output is similar to(irrelevant deployments and fields omitted):

{
"kind": "List",
"apiVersion": "apps/v1",
"metadata": {},
"items": [{
"apiVersion": "apps/v1",
"kind": "Deployment",
"metadata": {
"annotations": {
"deployment.kubernetes.io/revision": "1",
"kubectl.kubernetes.io/last-applied-configuration": "{\"apiVersion\":\"apps/v1\",\"kind\":\"Deployment\",\"metadata\":{\"annotations\":{},\"labels\":{\"app\":\"nginx\"},\"name\":\"nginx\",\"namespace\":\"default\"},\"spec\":{\"replicas\":2,\"selector\":{\"matchLabels\":{\"app\":\"nginx\"}},\"template\":{\"metadata\":{\"labels\":{\"app\":\"nginx\"}},\"spec\":{\"containers\":[{\"image\":\"nginx\",\"name\":\"nginx\"}]}}}}\n",
"resource.karmada.io/cached-from-cluster": "member1",
"resourcebinding.karmada.io/name": "nginx-deployment",
"resourcebinding.karmada.io/namespace": "default",
"resourcetemplate.karmada.io/uid": "b46d2736-78d8-47db-b589-6e819139ba33"
},
"creationTimestamp": "2022-11-18T08:34:28Z",
"generation": 1,
"labels": {
"app": "nginx",
"propagationpolicy.karmada.io/name": "nginx-propagation",
"propagationpolicy.karmada.io/namespace": "default",
"resourcebinding.karmada.io/key": "687f7fb96f",
"work.karmada.io/name": "nginx-687f7fb96f",
"work.karmada.io/namespace": "karmada-es-member1"
}
}
}, {
"apiVersion": "apps/v1",
"kind": "Deployment",
"metadata": {
"annotations": {
"deployment.kubernetes.io/revision": "1",
"kubectl.kubernetes.io/last-applied-configuration": "{\"apiVersion\":\"apps/v1\",\"kind\":\"Deployment\",\"metadata\":{\"annotations\":{},\"labels\":{\"app\":\"nginx\"},\"name\":\"nginx\",\"namespace\":\"default\"},\"spec\":{\"replicas\":2,\"selector\":{\"matchLabels\":{\"app\":\"nginx\"}},\"template\":{\"metadata\":{\"labels\":{\"app\":\"nginx\"}},\"spec\":{\"containers\":[{\"image\":\"nginx\",\"name\":\"nginx\"}]}}}}\n",
"resource.karmada.io/cached-from-cluster": "member2",
"resourcebinding.karmada.io/name": "nginx-deployment",
"resourcebinding.karmada.io/namespace": "default",
"resourcetemplate.karmada.io/uid": "e785db97-4d17-4871-99be-6d629c556b89"
},
"creationTimestamp": "2022-11-21T02:23:26Z",
"generation": 1,
"labels": {
"app": "nginx",
"propagationpolicy.karmada.io/name": "nginx-propagation",
"propagationpolicy.karmada.io/namespace": "default",
"resourcebinding.karmada.io/key": "687f7fb96f",
"work.karmada.io/name": "nginx-687f7fb96f",
"work.karmada.io/namespace": "karmada-es-member2"
}
}
}]
}

Use OpenSearch to graphically retrieve Kubernetes resources

The karmada-search also supports syncing cached resources to backend stores like Elasticsearch or OpenSearch. By leveraging the search engine, you can perform full-text searches with all desired features, by field, and by indice; rank results by score, sort results by field, and aggregate results.

The following is an example about using OpenSearch to graphically retrieve Kubernetes resources.

1. Deploy OpenSearch and OpenSearch Dashboard

Use the following script to deploy OpenSearch and OpenSearch dashboard.

./hack/deploy-karmada-opensearch.sh $HOME/.kube/karmada.config karmada-host

Verify the installation:

kubectl --kubeconfig $HOME/.kube/karmada.config --context karmada-host get po -A

The output is similar to:

NAMESPACE            NAME                                                   READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
karmada-system karmada-opensearch-77454fbcf5-7rpvz 1/1 Running 0 155m
karmada-system karmada-opensearch-dashboards-596bf4d9dd-n9429 1/1 Running 0 156m
...

2. Update ResourceRegistry with backendStore

### deployment-search.yaml
apiVersion: search.karmada.io/v1alpha1
kind: ResourceRegistry
metadata:
name: deployment-search
spec:
backendStore:
openSearch:
addresses:
- http://karmada-opensearch.karmada-system.svc:9200
targetCluster:
clusterNames:
- member1
- member2
resourceSelectors:
- apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
kubectl --kubeconfig $HOME/.kube/karmada.config --context karmada-apiserver create -f deployment-search.yaml

3. Expose the service of dashboard

You need to expose the web service to the host port so that you can visit the dashboard by http.

kubectl --kubeconfig $HOME/.kube/karmada.config --context karmada-host port-forward svc/karmada-opensearch-dashboards 5601:5601 -nkarmada-system --address=0.0.0.0

4. Visit the dashboard

Visit OpenSearch dashboard(http://NodeIP:5601):

opensearch

Now data of Deployment across member1 and member2 have uploaded to OpenSearch. You can experience multi-cloud search yourself by leveraging the search engine.