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Version: v1.5

Propagate a deployment by Karmada

This guide will cover:

  • Install karmada control plane components in a Kubernetes cluster which is known as host cluster.
  • Join a member cluster to karmada control plane.
  • Propagate an application by using karmada.


Install the Karmada control plane

1. Clone this repo to your machine:

git clone

2. Change to the karmada directory:

cd karmada

3. Deploy and run Karmada control plane:

run the following script:

# hack/

This script will do following tasks for you:

  • Start a Kubernetes cluster to run the Karmada control plane, aka. the host cluster.
  • Build Karmada control plane components based on a current codebase.
  • Deploy Karmada control plane components on the host cluster.
  • Create member clusters and join Karmada.

If everything goes well, at the end of the script output, you will see similar messages as follows:

Local Karmada is running.

To start using your Karmada environment, run:
export KUBECONFIG="$HOME/.kube/karmada.config"
Please use 'kubectl config use-context karmada-host/karmada-apiserver' to switch the host and control plane cluster.

To manage your member clusters, run:
export KUBECONFIG="$HOME/.kube/members.config"
Please use 'kubectl config use-context member1/member2/member3' to switch to the different member cluster.

There are two contexts in Karmada:

  • karmada-apiserver kubectl config use-context karmada-apiserver
  • karmada-host kubectl config use-context karmada-host

The karmada-apiserver is the main kubeconfig to be used when interacting with the Karmada control plane, while karmada-host is only used for debugging Karmada installation with the host cluster. You can check all clusters at any time by running: kubectl config view. To switch cluster contexts, run kubectl config use-context [CONTEXT_NAME]



Propagate application

In the following steps, we are going to propagate a deployment by Karmada.

1. Create nginx deployment in Karmada.

First, create a deployment named nginx:

kubectl create -f samples/nginx/deployment.yaml

2. Create PropagationPolicy that will propagate nginx to member cluster

Then, we need to create a policy to propagate the deployment to our member cluster.

kubectl create -f samples/nginx/propagationpolicy.yaml

3. Check the deployment status from Karmada

You can check deployment status from Karmada, don't need to access member cluster:

$ kubectl get deployment
nginx 2/2 2 2 20s