How to cherry-pick PRs
This document explains how cherry picks are managed on release branches within
A common use case for this task is backporting PRs from master to release
This doc is lifted from Kubernetes cherry-pick.
- What Kind of PRs are Good for Cherry Picks
- Initiate a Cherry Pick
- Cherry Pick Review
- Troubleshooting Cherry Picks
- Cherry Picks for Unsupported Releases
- A pull request merged against the
- The release branch exists (example:
- The normal git and GitHub configured shell environment for pushing to your
originfork on GitHub and making a pull request against a configured remote
- Have GitHub CLI (
gh) installed following installation instructions.
- A github personal access token which has permissions "repo" and "read:org". Permissions are required for gh auth login and not used for anything unrelated to cherry-pick creation process (creating a branch and initiating PR).
What Kind of PRs are Good for Cherry Picks
Compared to the normal master branch's merge volume across time, the release branches see one or two orders of magnitude less PRs. This is because there is an order or two of magnitude higher scrutiny. Again, the emphasis is on critical bug fixes, e.g.,
- Loss of data
- Memory corruption
- Panic, crash, hang
A bugfix for a functional issue (not a data loss or security issue) that only affects an alpha feature does not qualify as a critical bug fix.
If you are proposing a cherry pick and it is not a clear and obvious critical bug fix, please reconsider. If upon reflection you wish to continue, bolster your case by supplementing your PR with e.g.,
A GitHub issue detailing the problem
Scope of the change
Risks of adding a change
Risks of associated regression
Testing performed, test cases added
Key stakeholder reviewers/approvers attesting to their confidence in the change being a required backport
It is critical that our full community is actively engaged on enhancements in
the project. If a released feature was not enabled on a particular provider's
platform, this is a community miss that needs to be resolved in the
branch for subsequent releases. Such enabling will not be backported to the
patch release branches.
Initiate a Cherry Pick
Run the cherry pick script
This example applies a master branch PR #1206 to the remote branch
hack/cherry_pick_pull.sh upstream/release-1.0 1206
Be aware the cherry pick script assumes you have a git remote called
upstreamthat points at the Karmada github org.
You will need to run the cherry pick script separately for each patch release you want to cherry pick to. Cherry picks should be applied to all active release branches where the fix is applicable.
GITHUB_TOKENis not set you will be asked for your github password: provide the github personal access token rather than your actual github password. If you can securely set the environment variable
GITHUB_TOKENto your personal access token then you can avoid an interactive prompt. Refer https://github.com/github/hub/issues/2655#issuecomment-735836048
Cherry Pick Review
As with any other PR, code OWNERS review (
/lgtm) and approve (
cherry pick PRs as they deem appropriate.
The same release note requirements apply as normal pull requests, except the release note stanza will auto-populate from the master branch pull request from which the cherry pick originated.
Troubleshooting Cherry Picks
Contributors may encounter some of the following difficulties when initiating a cherry pick.
A cherry pick PR does not apply cleanly against an old release branch. In that case, you will need to manually fix conflicts.
The cherry pick PR includes code that does not pass CI tests. In such a case you will have to fetch the auto-generated branch from your fork, amend the problematic commit and force push to the auto-generated branch. Alternatively, you can create a new PR, which is noisier.
Cherry Picks for Unsupported Releases
The community supports & patches releases need to be discussed.